Land acquisition is the power of the union or a state government in India to take private land for the public, and to compensate the original owners and other persons affected due to such acquisition.
Land tenure and land rights remain the most important questions when dealing with agrarian
issues the world over. Ten years after the fast-track land reform programme in Zimbabwe, its
outcomes remain uncertain and contested. This section describes the conceptual framework
used to study land tenure issues in Zimbabwe. According to Shivji et al. (1998), land tenure is defined as the sum of rules recognised in law underlying land ownership, allocation of land rights, the substantive content of those rights, their protection in law, their disposal and/or extinction as well as their regulation, see also Box 1.1. For this study, we argue land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land.
Land under freehold tenure: is all land held by or under the authority of a title deed either by a private
individual, or institution, in which case it is private land under individual title or it may be held by the state directly or through a state entity under a title deed in which case it is freehold state land.
• Land under leasehold tenure: refers to all land occupied in terms of an agreement of lease with the owner whether that owner is the state, a public body or a private individual. The defining feature of this tenurial regime is that one person occupies and uses land on the basis of a contractual agreement of lease.
• Customary tenure: commonly and inaccurately described as communal refers to that tenure regime under which land rights are acquired and held in terms of customary law. Thus a proper understanding of the tenurial content of communal Lands reveals that those lands fall under the customary tenure system in that access thereto and the content of occupation rights are determined by customary law.
• The permit tenurial regime: is regulated by permits issued by or made by the state and hence all land
occupied and used in terms of a state-issued permit falls under this tenurial regime. Resettlement lands or areas, which are occupied in terms of permits issued by the state fall under this tenurial regime.
• Statutory tenure or allocations: apply to all state land held or other statutory bodies under or in terms of specific statutory provisions. Thus national parks, land, national forests land and game reserves all fall
within this tenurial category by virtue of the fact that these lands are vested in or allocated to statutory
bodies in terms of Acts of Parliament.
• The licence tenurial regime: applies to all state lands occupied and used by any individual by virtue of and in terms of a contractual licence applied for and issued by the state under the provisions of some enabling statute and/or regulations. State lands occupied and used under licence for safari operations, trophy hunting, etc fall under this tenurial regime. The essence of the relationship between the state and the licence holder is contractual.
Tenure security and land rights are determined by the social, legal and administrative institutions dominant in a society. Security or insecurity of tenure is more than having a piece
of paper with your name on it. Rukuni3 (1998:2) notes that security of tenure is associated
with four sets of rights, the basket of rights:
How to Acquire Land in Zimbabwe Pdf
Can you buy land in Zimbabwe?
The Bill of Rights, in particular, Sections 71 and 72, provides for property rights in general and rights to agricultural land. Every person has the right, in Zimbabwe, to acquire, hold, occupy, use, transfer, lease, hypothecate or dispose of all forms of property.
How was land acquired in Zimbabwe?
Parliament passed the Land Acquisition Act in 1985, which gave the government the first right to purchase excess land for redistribution to the landless.
What is the procedure for land acquisition?
After the approval, as per section 11 of the Act whenever land in any area is required or likely to be required for any public purpose, a public notification along with details of the land is to be published in the official gazette and 2 daily local newspapers in that locality. This is the initial acquisition notice.
What are the four forms of land use in Zimbabwe?
1.3 The Land Tenure Systems in Zimbabwe. The land-holding rights and obligations in Zimbabwe find their expression in the country’s four main systems of land tenure, namely the freehold (private), state land, communal and leasehold (resettlement) systems.