Inequality in Botswana; An analysis of the drivers and district-level mapping of select dimensions of inequality
Botswana is currently one of the most unequal countries globally, having the 9th highest Gini coefficient, indicating the degree of inequality of incomes, according to the most recent UNDP report (2020). Both theoretical and empirical studies have shown the negative effect of inequality on long-run growth, poverty reduction, and social and political stability.
The issue of inequality in Botswana has received limited attention historically from both research and policy perspectives. This study was therefore commissioned by UNDP, in an attempt to assist Botswana in understanding the drivers of inequality beyond income, as part of Botswana’s commitment to implement SDG 10 targets.
Is there income inequality in Botswana?
July 23, 2021. Botswana is currently one of the most unequal countries globally, having the 9th highest Gini coefficient, indicating the degree of inequality of incomes, according to the most recent UNDP report (2020).
Why is there income inequality in Botswana?
The findings of the study indicate that the most dominant determinant of poverty in Botswana is the lack of education, with primary education being an important factor in reducing income inequality. A similar impact is also observed with regard to a number of livestock owned per household.
What is the major economic problem in Botswana?
Inequality in Botswana remains among the highest in the world, job creation lags, and unemployment is structurally high at 26% at the end of 2021. Economic growth rebounded to an estimated 12.1% in 2021.
What is the income level of Botswana?
Economy of Botswana
|GDP per capita||$7,859 (nominal, 2019 est.) $18,558 (PPP, 2019 est.)|
|GDP per capita rank||78th (nominal, 2019) 75th (PPP, 2018)|
|GDP by sector||agriculture: 1.8% industry: 27.5% services: 70.6% (2017 est.)|
|Inflation (CPI)||2.1% (2020 est.)|