National University Of Lesotho Adult Education

National University Of Lesotho Adult Education

General Regulations 
Diploma in Adult Education
AED P 1.00 Entrance Qualification
1.0 The normal entry requirements:
(i)Possession of a certification in adult education
(ii)Cambridge Overseas School Certificate (COSC) Third Division or above, with a pass in English at 7 level or less, with one year working experience in informal or non-formal education.
(iii)GCE, plus English and 3 credits in other subjects plus relevant experience in formal and non-formal education
(iv)Candidates must be 23 years and above.
To complete the Diploma in Adult Education, the students would have acquired a maximum of 54 credit hours in total.
Each level must be passed with 18 credit hours as shown below:
Year I18 credit hours
Year II18 credit hours
Year III18 credit hours
1.01Assessment and Examination Regulations
Assessment of each student‚s performance in each course shall be based on 30% required course work (Assignments, tests and any given projects) plus 70% of the final examination.
1.02 Examinations Regulations
Semester courses will be written at the end of that semester. Full year courses will be written at the end of the academic year. A student may not be granted permission to write examinations if he/she has failed to attend 75% of the class sessions, or has not completed all the required course work assignments for that year.
1.03 Mark Grading
The final mark in each subject shall be determined at the end of each year by combining marks for the years‚ work assignments, any projects given plus the mark from the examination as provided in AED 1.01.
1.04 Proceed
In order to proceed from Year I to Year II and to Year III a student must normally:
i.Obtain an Overall Weighted Mean (OWM) of 50 and
ii.Score not less than 50 in any course.
1.05 Award
In order to qualify for the award of a Diploma, a student has to satisfy AED 1.04 (i) AED
(ii) above.
1.06 Supplementaries
i.At the end of years 1, 2, and 3 a student may be allowed a supplementary examination in courses in which a final mark of at least 45% has been obtained if the students‚ own can be raised to at least 50% by supplementation.
ii.In order to supplement, a student should have scored at least 50% of the course work.
iii.The maximum final course mark that a student can earn in supplementary examination is 59.
iv.A student may be allowed to supplement a maximum of 2 courses in any one
1.07 Repeat
i.A student who obtains an OWM of 40 cannot proceed but must repeat the year.
ii.A student who fails up to three courses but has an OWM of 50 and above shall not proceed, but must repeat the failed course(s)
1.08 Discontinue
i.A student who has repeated a course or a year twice and still fails after three attempts at the same grade level shall be discontinued from the programme to re-apply after two years.
ii.A student who obtains an OWM of 39 and below shall be discontinued from NUL.
1.09 Remarking of Examination Scripts:
If after the publication of the approved Senate results, a student feels dissatisfied, believing that he/she has been wrongly assessed to have failed any course in any particular year, such student may wish to apply for a remarking of his/her script. In this regard, the student would have to write a letter of plea to the University Registrar through his/her head of department. The student will consequently obtain from the Registrar‚s office, a designated form for this purpose after the payment of a non-refundable fee, equivalent to US$50.00. Therefore, the University Senate can approve that the Registrar should put in place, the necessary machinery to expeditiously facilitate the remarking of the examination script in question.
1.10 Withdrawal from the programme
If a student withdraws from the programme for any reason, general University Regulations on official or unofficial withdrawal (AR 9.00 ‚ AR 9.06) will apply.
1.11 Progression from One Level to Another 
A80+Proceed with Distinction
B70 ‚ 79Proceed with Merit
C60 ‚ 69Proceed
D50 ‚ 59Proceed
E40 ‚ 49Supplement
F39 and belowFail
1.12 End of Programme
OWM Classification
70+Pass with Distinction
60 – 69Pass with Credit
50 ‚ 59Pass
40 – 49Fail
AED P 2.00  Programme structure
AED 150-3Effective Communication in Adult Education
AED 155-3Fundamentals of Adult Education
AED160-3Pedagogy of Adult Education
AED 165-3Introduction to Income Generating Programmes in Adult Education
AED 170-3Adult Education and Health Issues
AED 175-3Contemporary Issues in Adult Education
AED 250-3Introduction to Philosophy of Adult Education
AED255-3Communication and Computer Skills
AED 260-3Introduction to Adult Learning and Teaching Methods
AED 265-3Introduction to Psychology of Adult Education
AED 270-6Introduction to Research Methods in Adult Education
AED 350-3Communication Media in Adult Education
AED 355-3Management and Administration in Adult Education
AED 360-3Introduction to Sociology of Adult Education
AED 365-3Community Education for Development
AED 370-6Research Seminar in Adult Education
This course is designed to improve students’ English Language in order for them to be able to communicate effectively with their heterogeneous audience as well as to perform efficiently at their work places and to equip them with necessary skills for communication in their communities as change agents. The content includes spelling exercises; punctuation; pronunciation; listening and note taking which includes taking and writing minutes; speaking, reading and writing skills for good oral and written presentations; verbs; tense; grammar; sentence construction; outlining, paragraphing and essay writing skills for preparations of assignments. It will also include descriptive and argumentative writing; report writing for research proposal or report production as well as for progress reports at their work places. The course will expose them to how to organize public meetings; how to write memo’s and business letters. Finally, the course will include quoting and referencing.
This is a basic foundation course in the study of adult education from multidisciplinary perspective which is expected to re-conceptualize the learner’s understanding about the nature and principles of adult education as an academic as well as professional field of study. It is expected to introduce students to the meaning, objectives and scope of adult education, vis-a-vis its development process, both from the national and global perspectives. The course will deal with the concept of adulthood in general while a detailed review of the different forms and components of adult education will be treated. Students will further be exposed to some of the agencies and instructions that propel adult education activities both in the developing and the developed countries.
The course is designed not only to stimulate learning in Adult Education programmes in contrast to learning that characterizes the formal school system but also to expose students to the varying processes and methodologies that can be adopted to facilitate learning. This process will be articulated against the background of the needs and characteristics of the adult learners and the learning environments under they operate. The course will in addition, expose the learners to the processes of designing curricula for different training activities in adult education, including the formulation of course objectives, training content design and the practical strategies appropriate for the evaluation of any programmes in Adult Education.
This course is designed to introduce students to the concept of income generation. It will also introduce them to participants in income generation activities. The course will expose students to the components of income generation education programme. The course will include the processes of community empowerment through income generating associations’ activities; community mobilization as it affects local political, religious, traditional leaders, local government agencies and non-governmental organizations.  It will also include community participation in needs assessment, decision-making, implementation, benefits and in evaluation of income generation education programme. The students will be exposed to project monitoring in selected developing countries including evaluation of their projects.
This course is designed introduce to an overview of primary health care programmes. This will empower students through adult education processes to be aware of personal and community skills, social, health advocacy and environmental skills related to health life styles. It will further acquaint and develop in the students, knowledge on HIV/AIDS, STIs, drug and alcohol abuse. This will also cover epidemiology and status of infectious diseases, care and counseling of individuals and families affected by such diseases. Community mobilization strategies, including knowledge, attitude change and practices of individual health will be covered in this course.
This course is designed to introduce students to the contemporary issues in our dynamic society in order for the students to act as effective catalyst of change in educating for transformation and mobilizing for empowerment in Lesotho. The course will cover such topics relating to the concept of leadership at all levels, youth and development, including community empowerment processes. Other issues to be treated will include gender phenomenon, environmental education, human rights and civil society as well as women and children abuse.
This course introduces students to the foundation discipline of philosophy and how it influenced the field of adult education. It explores the meaning and scope of adult education and philosophy of adult education. It reviews the major traditional schools of thought and their bearing to the field of adult education. It will then explore contemporary philosophies and their relevance to the practice and application of adult education.
This course is designed to improve students’ pronunciation, reading and writing skills for communicating effectively with their heterogeneous audiences in communities and work places and to strengthen students‚ area of grammar, spelling punctuations, errors identification and idiomatic expressions. The students will be exposed to descriptive and argumentative writing, especially report writing. It will further cover paragraphing, structure of a sentence, paragraph and essay, as well as referencing. Communication skills will be enhanced through computer literacy skills covering computer terminology, software application and introduction to the Internet, so as to enable students to acquire computer usage and skills.
This course is designed to introduce students to psychological and social factors affecting adult learning, including the application of appropriate teaching methods for teaching adults. The students will further cover some of the teaching methods, for example, Lecture, Group Work/discussion, Symposium, Seminar, Buzz Group, Trip/tour and Audio Visual Aids. The course will analyse the concepts of attitudes also expose learners to counseling process and negotiation methods in Adult Education delivery while the process of evaluation for the different forms of teaching and learning activities will be dealt with.
In this introductory course, students are exposed to the role that psychology plays in learning in general and adult learning in particular. The major schools of thought in psychology will be introduced – humanism, behaviourism and psychoanalysis. Particular emphasis will be placed on how these schools of thought have influenced the practice of adult education.
This course is designed to introduce students to the basis of research processes and skills to enable them to have a general conceptualization of meaning of research concepts in adult education, its scope and importance of research in societies.  The relevant areas in adult education research both qualitative and quantitative will be dealt with.   Students will be exposed to different research designs, variables and indicators, review of literature and adult education research methodology. An overview of data processes, collection, analysis of findings will be covered. Finally, students will learn about how to write different kinds of proposals as well as reports.
This course is designed to introduce students to the general conceptual meaning of communication and specially of mass communication. The relevant area which has a direct practical application to the field of adult education as empowering tools for stimulating development will be dealt with in details.  Students will be exposed to types, processes and functions of communication in developed and developing societies; the relevance of communication in adult education programmes and the review of various models of communication as they apply to the practice of adult education in the developing countries. The course will also deal with an overview of the developing countries, the relevance of organizational communication and communication for development in Lesotho. The students will also learn the type of mass media used in adult education. Finally, students will learn about the legal implications that underpin the use of the media for the promotion of adult education activities.
In this introductory course on management and administration in adult education students are exposed to the meaning of management and administration in adult education related to effective and efficient programmes. Students will learn basic knowledge and further skills in the planning and management of adult education organizations. The administration component describes activities directing, motivating, communicating, controlling and implementation processes in adult education programmes. Finally, the course will cover division of labour, hierarchy of authority and command in management of adult education programmes.
This course is designed to introduce students to the scientific study of the development and nature of societies and social behaviour. The course will further cover the social and cultural issues related to adult education provision and its processes. Students will be introduced to the conceptual meaning of sociology itself in promotion of adult education programmes. The course will also deal with culture, socialization, social mobility, status, power, authority, class and social stratification based on units of society.
This course will introduce students to theories and approaches of community education for development. It will discuss the philosophy, objectives and scope of community education. Other factors will include strategies for community education which will ensure the implementation of community education for development; models of community education; role of media in community education for development and evaluation of community education for development. The course will discuss some case studies which will also focus on community development projects which students can implement and write reports on. Finally, it will include evaluation of community development projects.
This is a practical research seminar course which enables students to use the research knowledge gained from the Introduction of Research Methods in Adult Education course in Diploma II. Students will be exposed to and guided through the processes, of practical skills in topic selection, methodological approaches, data collection, findings, conclusion and recommendations within a manageable size and the output of such effort will be presented in panels. At the end of the course, students will be expected to submit a 10-15 typewritten pages of research proposal on a topic approved by the department. All the presentations plus the final typed paper will be marked for the final grade in this research seminar course.
B.Ed in Adult Education
Entrance Qualifications
Entry requirement will be the Diploma in Adult Education with a Credit pass or its equivalent qualification obtained from NUL or any other University recognized by NUL Senate. If quota is not full, then applicants with a pass grade in the Diploma with at least an OWM of 50% plus two years work experience after graduation may be considered for admission.
Assessment Regulations for B.Ed in Adult Education
Below is a list of core courses in the B.Ed degree programme. Required courses must be passed. Electives may or may not be passed. The total OWM calculation of 36 credit hrs each year is composed of core courses plus all the highest marks obtained in both the required as well as elective courses.
Degree One: Courses
ADE101-6 Introduction to Adult Education
ADE102-6 Introduction to Community Development
ADE103-6 Adult Literacy Teaching Methods
ADE104-6 Comparative Studies in Adult Education
ADE105-6 Adult Education and Development
ADE106-6 Introduction to Distance Education
ADE109-6 English Language Practice
ADE110-6 Introduction to Guidance and Counseling
Degree Two: Courses
ADE201-6 Historical Foundations of Adult Education
ADE202-6 Philosophical Foundations of Adult Education
ADE203-6Psychological Foundation of Adult Education
ADE204-6Principles and Practice of Adult Education
ADE205-6 Mass Communication in Adult Education
ADE207-6 Planning and Implementation of Community Development Projects
ADE209-6 Adult Education Teaching Methods and Techniques
ADE210-6 Principles and Practices of Guidance and Counseling in Adult Education
 Degree Three: Courses
ADE301-6 Media Techniques in Community Education
ADE302-6 Psychology of Adult Learning
ADE303-6 Organisation and Administration of Adult Education
ADE304-6 Research Methods in Adult Education
ADE305-6 Budgeting and Financing of Adult Education Programmes
ADE307-6 Management Techniques in Adult Education
ADE308-6 Adult Education Gender and Development
ADE310-6 Sociology of Adult Education
Degree Four: Courses
ADE401-6 Curriculum Design and Development in Adult Education
ADE403-6 Evaluation in Adult Education
ADE404-6 Training and Manpower Development
ADE405-6 Practicum in Adult Education: Seminars, Conferences and Workshops
ADE406-12 Research Project
Assessment in the degree programme will consist of three assignments. Each of the Assignments shall be graded over 10 to make 30% for continuous assessment. The weighting of the final total grade will comprise of:
(a)Continuous assessment examination scoring 30%
(b)Final semester examination scoring 70% marking a total of 100%
Each course, except for the final year project, shall normally be examined by three hour paper.
Performance Assessment to Move to the Other Class
For any student to proceed to the second year of the degree programme, the student must score overall weighted mean of not less than 50%.
First Year
A student must pass the 5 compulsory courses i.e.
ADE101, ADE102, ADE104, ADE106 and ADE109 and any other two chosen from the required courses. Thus making a total of seven courses that must be passed out of ten courses in the first year in order to proceed to the next class.
Second year
A student must obtain an overall weighted mean of not less than 50%.
The following compulsory courses must be passed:
ADE201, ADE202, ADE203, ADE204 including the following required courses ADE205, ADE209 and ADE206.
The students are advised to take any two elective courses from among the following courses:
ADE206, ADE207, ADE208 and ADE210.
Third year
To have passed a course, a minimum score of 50% is required in each subject apart from an overall weighted mean of 50% in order to be able to proceed to the next class.
The following compulsory courses must be taken and passed i.e.
ADE302, ADE304 and all the required courses i.e. ADE301, ADE303, ADE305, ADE307, ADE308 and ADE310 making a total of eight courses.
ADE306 and ADE309 are elective courses and students are encouraged to take one of the two.
Fourth Year
A student must score a minimum of 50% in any course and record an overall weighted mean of 50%. The three compulsory courses which are ADE403, ADE405 and ADE406 must be passed. ADE401 and ADE404 are required courses which must be taken and passed.
Supplementary Examination
There shall be an opportunity for a student to supplement a maximum of courses in which he/she has obtained a grade E i.e. 40-49, provided however that such a student has obtained an overall weighted mean of at least 45 computed from compulsory and required/or elective courses taken during that session.
The maximum mark obtainable by any student in a supplementary examination shall be 59 taking into account the earlier continuous assessment mark recorded.
Repeat/Carry Over
A student who has attempted and failed supplementary examination in not more than two courses may be allowed to carry such course over to the next class provided he/she will not be having more than a maximum of six courses in the semester when the failed courses would be offered.
Any student who has failed up to three or more courses at the end of any session with or without a supplementary opportunity will not be allowed to proceed to the next class but be asked to repeat the whole year in the courses failed in the same class.
A student who fails in the second attempt in the same class will enjoy a supplementary examination opportunity provided his/her grade qualify him/her to supplementary stage at any level, he/she will be asked to withdraw from the programme and apply afresh after a year‚s recess.
No student will be allowed to proceed to another higher level while still having outstanding courses in a lower level that is to be in year three for instance, you cannot be allowed to have a year one course to take.
Official Withdrawal
A student who for genuine reasons withdraws from the programme at any level can only be permitted to do so in writing and such will last for a maximum period of one year. In that respect, the student can start his/her studies after a year, particularly from the level/class he/she has withdrawn. Any period of stay away from the programme beyond this time limit will amount to the forfeit of the position and the student will therefore be required to reapply afresh to start the degree programme.
 Unofficial Withdrawal
A student who wilfully withdraws from the programme and at any level or time without any approved written permission from the authority shall be taken to have unofficially withdrawn from the programme and shall normally not be re-admitted.
A student who wishes to be re-admitted after she/he has unofficially withdrawn from the programme will be expected to apply afresh for admission considerations, and this can only be entertained after two years of stay away from the time of his/her initial unofficial withdrawal.
Remarking of Examination Scripts
There is the opportunity for any dissatisfied student with the outcome of his/her result grade to apply for a remarking of his/her examination script. If he/she is so convinced that she/he has been unjustly assessed by the lecturer(s) in charge of such a course, the student will be expected to apply to the University Registrar through his/her head of department with payment of US50.00 to the Bursary Department before his/her case can have merit of being looked into by the University Senate.
Award of degree
In computing the overall degree result, all relevant courses from the first to the fourth year will be used.
All compulsory courses at all levels of the programme will be used plus any of the highest scores obtained from the required and the elective courses at all levels.
The final grade for the award of a B.Ed degree in Adult Education shall be calculated using the simple overall weighted using the simple overall weighted mean obtained at each of four levels. Consequently the average shall be converted into classes as shown below.
OWM scores shall be computed using procedures stated in the University general regulations and the final degree shall be classified thus:
70% and above First class
70-74 second class upper division
60-69 second class lower division
50-59 Pass
49 and below
Course Synopses
ADE101Introduction to Adult Education
Meaning, scope and objectives of education and of Adult Education. The concept of adulthood and the characteristics of adult learner, learning theories and their implications for adult learning, motivation and retention. Different forms and components of adult education, e.g. traditional, informal, non-formal vocational, remedial etc. Adult Education agencies and institutions.
ADE102Introduction to community development
Community development within the frame work of national plans and fiscal policy meaning, purpose and phases in community development programmes, influence of culture, physical setting, agency purpose, target population and identification of felt needs, time sequence for orderly progress. The role of the change agent, the enabler, the engager etc. in community development process.
ADE103Adult Literacy Teaching Methods
Historical development of literacy in the developing countries. Contemporary approaches to adult literacy programmes, methods and techniques of adult literacy teaching. Overview of national mass literacy campaign programmes in selected developed and developing countries. Assessment of work-oriented functional literacy programmes and their varying impacts on socio-economic development. Examination of principles, methods and techniques and problems in the teaching of adult. Demonstration, observations, supervision and evaluation.
ADE104Comparative Studies in Adult Education
Presentation of case studies of illustrate approaches methods and techniques in comparative adult education. Analysis of current adult education issues and problems in developing countries, using comparative approach.
ADE105 Adult Education and Development
The purpose and the needs for adult education and its roles in individual and national development. National development policies, aims, objectives and processes. Organizations, methods, content, scope and agencies involved in developmental programmes.
ADE106Introduction to Distance Education
Introduction to distance education course discusses meaning, scope and purpose of distance education in contemporary African development; methods and techniques for organization and conduct of distance education, material production and study centres including personnel selection. It further discusses the problem of monitoring, co-ordination and programme evaluation.
ADE 107Introduction to Statistics
Students will be exposed to elementary statistics after knowing what is statistics and the purpose of it in education generally. The areas of coverage in this course will include types of statistics, methods of data collection and tabulation, sample and sampling techniques. Furthermore, students will learn about frequency distribution and their graphical presentations, measures of central tendency and dispersions.
ADE 108 History of Adult Education in Africa
The historical development of education and adult education in Africa with particular reference to the pre-colonial and postcolonial periods. Methods, objectives and purposes of education of the youth and Adults in the ancient societies. Major features and contributions of educational policies and adult education programmes to national growth and development in Lesotho.
ADE 109English Language Practice
This course is compulsory for all students in order to sharpen and reorientate their communication skills. The course will review all parts of speech, vocabulary development, idioms and idiomatic expressions, lexical structures, use of punctuation marks, continuous writing and summarising including various forms of report writing and business letters.
ADE 110Introduction to Guidance and Counseling
Introduction to guidance and counseling course discusses meaning, nature scope and concept of guidance and counseling, the major components of counseling, the general counseling theories and instrument. It further focuses on the development of guidance and counseling as academic and professional discipline in the developing countries, functions and attributes of counsellors.
ADE 201Historical Foundation of Adult Education
Examination of the origins, growth and development of adult education movements in Britain and the third world countries. Description of patterns of adult education participation and the impact of the movement on socio-economic and political development.
ADE 202Philosophical Foundations of Adult Education
Introducing philosophy of education of adult education. Consideration of the basic concepts, values and ideologies in adult education. Review of the major contemporary thinkers. Application of the methods of philosophy to the problem and issues in adult education.
ADE 203Psychological Foundations of Adult Education
Introductory psychology of personally development and maturation. Learning theory and behaviour modification. Psychological basis of human interaction. Language development, group process and interpersonal communication. Application of psychological principles to the speciality of the individual student learning in adult education programme.
 ADE 204Principles and Practice of Adult Education
Meaning, forms and purposes of adult education in the life of every individual and its relevance to national growth. The scope of adult education practice in the international axis and its role to socio-economic development of Lesotho. The foundation disciplines of adult education and further reviews of the different forms and component of adult education practice including factors promoting adult learning process.
ADE 205Mass Communication in Adult Education
Meaning, development and the relevance of mass communication theories to adult education. The use and misuse of mass media technologies for adult education promotion. The role of the media in society and the review of the impact of various media on different adult education programmes in the developing countries. The role and methodology communication media in distance learning programme.
ADE 206Rural Literacy Newspaper Production
Methodology and techniques of using the rural newspaper for ensuring balanced information dissemination for encouraging rural participation in community programmes. The use of local materials in the production process and the ability to handle simple soft and hardware technologies such as silk-screening machine, Gestetfax scanning machine, etc. The depth for a and the essence of Rural Literacy and education programmes in developing countries.
ADE 207Planning and Implementation of Community Development Projects
Community development within Lesotho National Development Plans. Fiscal Policy: Programmes, Planning and Budgeting of Community Development Projects. Accountability and Social indication. Evaluation of methods and techniques. Comparative community development approaches from cases of laissez-faire private initiative, through planned economies with integrated rural development, to socialist approaches.
ADE 208Primer Writing Techniques
Types and roles of primers in contemporary developing and predominantly illiterate societies. Functions of Primers in Adult Literacy programmes. The efficient utilisation of primers for skill development, functional literacy and national growth and development. Primer construction methodologies.
ADE 209Adult Education Teaching Methods and Techniques
The course deals with the concept of teaching adults as opposed to teaching adolescents. It explores the interrelationship of the process of feeling, learning and adults needs assessment for adult education curriculum development. There will be an extensive analysis of the different methods and techniques of adult learning process, such as Demonstration, discussion group, role-playing, symposium, audio-visuals aids etc.
ADE 210Principles and Practice of Guidance and Counseling in Adult Education
The course will adopt a practical approach to the study of guidance and counseling as related to adult learners. The course will review the philosophy of guidance and counseling, educational and vocational guidance, curative and preventive guidance techniques, personality, the counseling approach to teaching, the interdisciplinary approach to guidance, classroom counseling career self-development and self concept, adult motivation and achievement.
ADE 301Media Techniques in Community Education
Characteristics of media conceptual framework for community conscientization. Roles and techniques of media practice for community mobilization and awareness. Application of multi-media technologies for different purposes both in the rural and urban centres, e.g. for family planning. Health education, Agricultural productivity etc. The process and effects of distortion in human communication and its impact on community education in the third world countries.
ADE 302Psychology of Adult Learning
Learning and learning theories. Psycho-physiological maturation processes: changes in recall, memorization, problem solving, ability and capacity to enhance, modify or learning new skills. Social aspect of maturing. Applications of learning theory and personality development under relation-enhancement, attitude modification, cognitive change, modelling, simulation and role-playing, operand approaches etc.
ADE 303Organisation and Administration of Adult Education
Concepts of Organisation and Administration ‚ Historical Development: Classical approach, Human Relations Approach and the systems Approach. Decision-making and Behavioural process of the organization. Principles and practice of administration in adult education in selected developed and developing countries.
AED 304Research Methods in Adult Education
Introduction to methods of empirical research in humanities, philosophy, social sciences, education including adult education. Planning research work. Development type validation and use of instrumentation. Literature Review and data collection process. Writing of Research proposal, analysis of data and writing of final research report.
ADE 305Budgeting and Financing of Adult Education Programme
Principles and practice of budgeting as related to Adult Education. Budgeting and the problem of financial control. The concept of unit cost. Using cost models in planning adult education programmes. The financial implications of adult education policies. Roles of international aid in adult education programmes. Process of evaluating cost of adult education programme.
ADE 306Economics of Community Development
Contributions of self-help projects to economic growth and development. Measuring the contributions of community development behind public and private finances. Determinants of expenditure. Productivity and efficiency.
ADE 307Management Techniques in Adult Education
Management theory and practice in Adult Education. Recruitment, training, division of labour and workload, motivation and supervision of personnel. Employee relations effectiveness and efficiency in Adult Education Organisation. Functions of management and communication. Leadership types, qualities and their roles in organization.
ADE 308 Adult Education, Gender and Development in Lesotho
This course is designed to raise awareness about the importance of gender based approaches to development efforts both locally and internationally. The concept of gender and how it impacts various aspects of human life is reviewed. A number of gender issues like health, education, violence and abuse, access to resources, poverty and environment are explored and ways of incorporating gender sensitive plans into the development process are discussed. The role that adult education can play in promoting gender aware development underpins the discussions in this course.
ADE 309Current Issues in Adult Education
Detailed examination of Paulo Friere‚s Conscientization and Life-long education. An integrated philosophy of education, norms, values and relevance in Education and Adult Education in Lesotho compared with other countries of the world. Continuing Education programmes in industry and the future prospectus of Adult Education.
ADE 310Sociology of Adult Education
The course is designed to assess adult education as a formal social organization and as an instrument of social change and development. It reviews the theories of consensus and conflicts schools and development, diffusions as well as focuses on migration, settlement, social inequality and socialization process. The social functions of education and adult education in society vis- -vis the cultural consideration and social mobility in Lesotho, will be analysed against the background of community development and social work for national development.
ADE 401 Curriculum Design and Development in Adult Education
The Adults and Disciplines in Curriculum Design. Principles, practices, procedures and problems in the Development and evaluation of Curriculum studies in Adult Education programmes in developing countries.
ADE 402Economics of Adult Education
The implementations of any adult education programme depends on solid economic base. Therefore, students will learn about the implications of economic factors such as human, capital and financial resource, formation for the production functions and for income generation activities in measuring returns and in determining cost and expenditures. Students must also know how to formulate programme implementations based on cost benefit analysis and to assess for the predicality of projects success or otherwise, using Project Evaluation Review Techniques (PERT), Planning Programming and Budgeting systems (PPBS) and Job Evaluation and Appraisal techniques (JEAT) with special reference to adult education programmes.
ADE 403Evaluation in Adult Education
This course introduces students to the concept of evaluation in the filed of education in general and in Adult education in particular. Students are exposed to both quantitative as well as qualitative methods of evaluation. Various approaches to evaluation including objective as well as decision approaches are discussed. The final project for this course is to prepare an evaluation proposal which can later be implemented in a work situation.
ADE 404Training and Manpower Development
Education and Training: origin and conceptual framework of training, training needs assessment and objectives including its relevance to manpower development and utilization. Types, forms and programme, Evaluation of the roles of training agencies to national manpower development and future trends of industrial training prgorammes in Lesotho. Case studies.
ADE 405Practical in Adult Education: Seminars, Conferences & Workshop
This is a practical cum theoretical course that exposes students to leadership roles in different organizations. It is an aspect of the continuing education and non-formal training programmes. Students will be expected to write a preliminary conference or workshop brochures and programmes and conduct in-house conferences, workshops and seminars. There must be clarity of purpose, background, resource persons, main and sub-themes including the organisational structure as well as provision for overall programme evaluation.
ADE 406Research Project
The student, under a department‚s supervisor, is expected to undertake an in-depth study of an issue that is of interest to him/her, particularly in the areas of Adult Education, community Development and Distance Education. The Research Report which shall be type-written on quarto or A4 size paper in double line spacing shall not be less than 3,000 words in length or twenty typewritten pages.
Masters Adult Education
Admission Requirements:
The normal minimum entry requirements for admission into the M. Ed programme in Adult and Distance Education shall be:
‚¢ B. Ed degree in Adult Education with at least a second class (lower division) from this University or any other university recognized by NUL Senate;
‚¢relevant degree in any discipline from this university or any other university recognised by NUL Senate with at least a second-class lower division;
‚¢In exceptional cases, a holder of a pass degree in any field with a three year post graduation work experience may be accepted.  However, candidates who fall into this category will be required to take and pass satisfactorily an entrance examination, which shall be organized by the Institute of Extra-Mural Studies, for admission purpose.
Admission procedures:
The admission procedures will be
i)Applications may be obtained from 1st January and be submitted by 30th March of the same calendar year in which the study is to commence.
ii)The Processing of applications by the Department of Adult Education of IEMS will be undertaken in the month of April of the year in which the study is to commence.
iii)Processing of applications by the Board of Postgraduate Studies will be from the end of April to the end of May of the year in which the study is to commence.
iv)Applicants shall be notified of the status of their admission to the M. Ed Adult Education programme in May/June of the year in which the study is to commence.
v)Commencement of studies shall normally be the same as that of undergraduate studies, that is, during the month of August.
Programme Structure:
The M. Ed programme in the Department of Adult Education of Institute of Extra-Mural Studies (IEMS) shall be on part-time basis.  The programme shall run a mixed distance education delivery mode as deemed appropriate and suitable for the adult learners.  This may include occasional face-to-face and short residential sessions including the use of printed study modules.
Course Workload
For any student to graduate, he/she must have taken the following courses:

  • 5 courses with a total of 30 credit hours in the first year. These are the core courses for all students irrespective of area of specialization in the M. Ed Adult Education programme.  They are ADE 600, 601, 602, 603 and 604 which will be divided adequately into the two semesters of the first year, to avoid overloading the part-time learners.


  • 5 courses with a total of 30 credit hours in the second year under the students chosen specialization area.  Students are allowed also to even take any course as elective outside of their specialization areas for enrichment purposes.


  • Dissertation with a total of 12 credit hours in the third and the last year, making an overall total of 72 credit hours over the three years of study.

Areas of Specialisation:
1.Adult Education and Community development
2.Open and Distance Learning
3.Adult Education and Management of HIV/AIDS programmes.
Programme Duration:
The M. Ed degree programme in adult education is designed to normally last for a period of 3 years on part-time basis.
However, the maximum duration for any student to remain on the programme before completion shall be 6 years.
Students enrolled in the M. Ed programme can carry forward at least two failed courses to the next year in both semesters of that year. Students can however be allowed to spend a maximum of 2 years in each year level. The following marks will be used for the type of progression at the end of each year‚s course evaluation, that is, (course work + written examination):

  • Proceed with distinction 80 and above;
  • Proceed with merit70 – 79
  • Proceed 50 ‚ 69

Course Assessment:
i)Students in the part-time M. Ed Adult Education Programme shall be examined by continuous assessment and written examinations at the end of each semester of the course.
ii)Students shall be mandated to participate in postgraduate seminars through presentation of papers, which shall be a form of training for academic writing process.  Seminar presentation shall be graded accordingly as part of continuous assessment.
iii)Each course successfully taken by passing course work, shall count as 40% of the final mark while examination shall count for 60%.  Examination shall be by a three-hour paper at the end of each period in which courses are taught.
i)Any postgraduate student shall be allowed to supplement a maximum of 3 courses in which he/she has obtained a minimum grade of E that is between 45 and 49 marks.
ii)The maximum mark obtainable by any postgraduate student in a supplementary examination shall be 60%.
Supplementary Examination Fee:
i)Any postgraduate student, who shall supplement examinations, shall be charged a supplementary fee to be determined by office of the Registrar.
Fail and Repeat:
Any post-graduate student who fails a course shall proceed and carry forward the failed course. Any post-graduate student who fails more than one course shall not proceed, but repeat failed course (s). Students can be allowed to repeat a class only two times provided the student can still finish his/her programme within the stipulated period of SIX years.
Fail and Discontinue:
Any postgraduate student who fails up to four courses at the end of any academic year shall be discontinued from the programme and NUL.  He/she can re-apply after a period of 2 years.
Results Calculation:
Compulsory and required specialization area courses in the M. Ed Programme shall be used in calculating the overall results, for the award of the M. Ed degree; and all courses must be passed at 50% or above.
All relevant courses from the first and second years of the M. Ed programme, including dissertation at the third year, shall be used in calculating the final results.
Award of Degree:
i)A total of TEN (10) courses, in addition to the M. Ed dissertation offered during the 3 years of part-time studies in the M. Ed programme, making a total of 72 credit hours, will be used to determine the final classification of the degree.
ii)The final grade for the award of an M. Ed in Adult  Education shall be calculated on pass level of 50 OWM and above.  The average shall be converted into letter grades as follows:
80 ‚ 100AOutstanding
70 ‚ 79BVery Good
60 ‚ 69CGood
50 ‚ 59DPass
45‚ 49ESupplementable
Below 45 FFail and Repeat/Discontinue
ADE 600-6:Foundations of Adult Education: A/B
This course reviews the historical development theory and practice of adult education and examines the fundamental disciplines in which adult education as a professional practice and an academic field is rooted.  These include philosophy, sociology, history, economics, language, psychology and politics.  The course therefore, exemplifies how each of these different disciplines can be interpreted in the context of the meaning, purpose and scope of adult education practice worldwide.
ADE 601-6:Education and National Policy Development: A/B
In this course, students will be exposed to the principles, processes and paradigms of National policy development in any field and particularly for all levels of education.  The course will examine the practical implementation procedures for the formulation of national policies and highlights the socio-political factors underpinning the production process of any policy.  The course will also review the purpose, dimensions and implications of policy production in the context of national development framework.  Students will be expected to engage in constructive preparation of mock policy documents as a process of academic growth.
ADE 602-6:Resource Management for Adult Education: A/B
This course is designed to improve the efficient and effective performance of the employees at workplace through the organization of training and retraining programmes.  The course will review extensively the theories of human resource development against the organisational training policy.  It will analyse some concepts of industrial relations management including conflict management and collective bargaining at work.  The course will further examine different models of training and the strategies for managing human resources for optimum organizational utilization.
ADE 603-6:Advanced Research Methods in Adult Education: AB
This course examines research paradigms from many ramifications of educational practice.  It introduces students to high level of both qualitative and quantitative research designs in finding solutions to societal problems.  It adopts systematic approaches in analysing social phenomena for pragmatic implementation, using modern and relevant research techniques in the data collection process and interpretation up to making appropriately implementable recommendations.
ADE 604-6:Social Psychology: A/B
This course exposes postgraduate students to behaviour in social settings and analyses various social factors affecting and related to group dynamics.  The behaviour characteristics and patterns to be studied will cover the adults‚ life span in relation to infectious diseases. (HIV/AIDS, etc,.)  it will also cover three major agencies in social behaviour, that is the school setting as well as the interacting processes in the environment in which people live.
ADE 605-12:M. Ed Dissertation: AB
Each student, irrespective of his/her specialization area, will be expected to engage in a practical research activity, under the guidance of a supervisor, leading to the production of a dissertation, which shall follow the Institute‚s guidelines and procedures.  The topic of such dissertation must have direct relationship to the chosen area of specialization of the student.  The dissertation, which will be produced during the third and last year of study and having a minimum of 150 pages, appropriately bound to the specifications of the Institute and/or the Board of Postgraduate Studies, will have to be orally defended.  The oral defence, which will be before a panel of examining committee to be composed by the Dean of the Institute will be done after such dissertation has been positively assessed by the External Examiner to the Institute.
SPECIALIZATION AREA I:  Adult Education and Community Development:
ADE 611-6:Management and Administration of Adult Education Programmes: A/B
This course deals essentially with the management and administration of different adult education programmes such as literacy, social welfare, extra-mural, remedial or vocational education to mention a few.  It considers the recruitment, selection, appraisal and supervision of clientele and employees involved in such adult education programmes.  The course will further deal with costing, acquisition and production of the material resources meant to assist the effective delivery of such programmes.  It focuses on governmental institutions and non-governmental organizations dealing with adult and distance education including non-formal education programmes.  Students will learn about the administrative strategies used as implementation and evaluation mechanisms of adult education programmes.
ADE 612-6:Principles and Practice of Community Development: A/B 
The course reviews the theories of community development, the process and approaches to community development practice including the principles of community participation.  The course will also examine the planning and implementation procedures including the phases in community development process.  The mobilization strategies necessary for the articulation of the identified community needs and the role of the different stakeholders will be assessed while monitoring and evaluation process of community programmes will be dealt with.
ADE 613-6:Conflict Management and Resolution: A/B
Students will be exposed to conflict management theories and strategies for resolving conflicts within and among organizations and communities.  Sources and types of conflicts will be reviewed including the factors responsible for engendering conflicts.  The role of communication and the processes involved in conflict resolutions will be articulated.  Skills of negotiations and collective bargaining processes will be dealt with.
ADE 614-6: Seminar on Issues and Trends in Adult & Non-Formal Education: A/B
This course will examine significant social issues in contemporary adult education practice.  It reviews the role of adult education agencies from the multifarious dimensions of national development.  Students will be sensitised to critical review and analysis of world view with regard to issues of human rights, participatory democracy, environmental degregation, gender analysis and empowerment, youth and women in development including social vices and pandemics ravaging the world.  Students will therefore be expected to prepare and present seminar papers supported by current data on individual basis on any of the contemporary issues as a global trend on which adult and non-formal education can be a precursor.
ADE 615-6: Leadership & Community Education for Development: A/B
This course assesses the theories of leadership and community education including the philosophical concepts and approaches in examining the objectives and delimitations of community education in African context.  The qualities of a leader and the implementation strategies in mobilizing for community participation will be reviewed.  Students will be exposed to the different models of community development vis- -vis the implications of socio cultural milieu and economic status for communities in propelling development activities based on African values.
SPECIALIZATION AREA II:Open and Distance Learning
DE 621-6:Organization and Management of Distance Education: A/B
The theories, growth and development of distance education will be covered while conceptualizing the principles, objectives and delimitations of distance education practice.  A review of governmental policy framework against the background of the organizational efficiency and management process of a distance education institution will be articulated.  The course also examines the planning, implementation and evaluation of any distance education institution and programme including personnel consideration, quality output and the effective operational performance.  Case studies will be studied to assist students in acquiring organizational and management skills in distance education.
ADE 622-6:Learners Support Service in Adult and Distance Education: A/B
This course will deal with the need and the mechanisms for making institutional arrangements for supporting distance learners.  It will also review the definition, theory, practice and importance of counseling and tutoring services.  The relevance of education resource centres and the interactivity between learners and the tutors on one hand and among learners themselves on the other, as a process of facilitating learning through group dynamics will be treated.  Other pertinent issues to be covered in this course will include how to design collaborative learning environments, case studies of global perspectives on learners support services and the organizational process of learners support services in the developing countries.
ADE 623-6:Instructional Material Design for Distance Education: A/B
This course reviews different types of instructional materials used in distance education.  It examines the processes and determinants of the application of the different types of instructional materials. The assessment of the quasi-bureaucratic process of course material development on the quality assurance maintenance of the end product including the socio-political factors affecting the efficiency of instructional design.  Students will be taken through the needs assessment process, identification of instructional designers, planning writers‚ workshops including implementation mechanisms and the production processes.  A succinct review of institutional collaboration models in material design will be made and the possible implications will be assessed.  Finally, the students will undergo practical lessons in instructional material design of their choice.
ADE 624-6:Communication Media & Technology: A/B
This course reviews the role, types, growth and the use of educational technology for the delivery of educational content.  It assesses the socio-cultural, educo-political and geo-economic factors determining the adoption of technology in distance education in any country and their implications for knowledge and digital divide between the west and the developing countries.  The course further examines the relative effectiveness of the different media technologies utilized in distance education globally and considers this against the background of commercialisation drive, which may inhibit general accessibility thus making education an elitist commodity.  It reviews some practical production processes of using communication technology for delivering educational content.
ADE 625-6:International Perspectives in Distance Education: A/B
This course considers different educational models across the world and assesses the essential ingredients that an educationist will have to take into consideration in evaluating educational programme performance or in introducing educational reform to the educational curricula at all levels in a country.  It examines the national development goal against the operational background of an educational paradigm to be adopted.  It reviews the mechanisms necessary to democratise education in order to achieve equity, equality and access to educational provision.
SPECIALIZATION AREA III: Adult Education & Management of HIV/AIDS programmes:
ADE 631-6:  Perspectives on HIV/AIDS Issues for Adult Learning: A/B
This course is designed to introduce students to an overview of natural history and theories of HIV/AIDS including the social, cultural and economic impact of HIV/AIDS in Lesotho.  It will cover discussions and analysis of myths and misconceptions related to health behaviour seeking practices of adults.  It will further acquaint and develop in the postgraduate students   analytical skills on laws and policies on HIV/AIDS/STIs/ Drug abuse, life skills and gender in Lesotho.
ADE 632-6:Mobilization Strategies on HIV/AIDS Activities: A/B
This course will expose graduate students to mobilization strategies in fighting pandemics with special reference to communities in Lesotho.  The course will cover positive mobilisation strategies based on individual adult participatory behaviour towards awareness creation about the phenomenon of HIV/AIDS/STIs.  The strategies to be adopted will include lobbying at the level of policy makers, churches, service providers and community participatory techniques for organized campaigns.  The strategies will be used by the students during the practical attachment in initiating interventions against HIV/AIDS/STIs and substance abuse.
ADE 633-6:Managing HIV/AIDS Activities and Health Issues: A/B
This course is designed to provide graduate students with well planned basic and continuing life skills based on the facts about HIV/AIDS/STIs in general, and especially in Lesotho. Furthermore, the course will cover issues on and concerns about socio-cultural norms of the society in relation to HIV/AIDS, prevention and care for people living with HIV/AIDS.  The graduate students will also learn about the basics of planning and managing techniques for handling HIV/AIDS activities.  The course aims at exposing graduate students to Lesotho HIV/AIDS policy and its strategic plans as the foundation for this course.
ADE 634-6:Community Guidance and Counseling: A/B
The course in community guidance and counseling will introduce and equip graduate students with modern and traditional techniques and skills for empowering community and the individual in order to be able to face life and AIDS challenges. The course will explore the philosophy of community counseling, role and performance of the community counsellors, issues in different counseling settings.  Graduate students will also cover basic concepts of community counseling, community counseling model, traditional counseling, training and supervision of community counsellors.  Finally, it covers development, implementation and evaluation of community counseling programmes.
ADE 635-6: Gender Equality, Equity and Empowerment in HIV/AIDS Perspectives: A/B
This course reviews and analyses gender factors in transmission, prevention and control of HIV/AIDS/STIs.  The course further examines communication skills among men and women on HIV/AIDS related issues including listening skills, seeking information needs, resources, refusal skills, assertiveness, decision making and delaying gratification.  It would also cover measures to address gender disparities in HIV/AIDS/STIs in Lesotho as well as women‚s empowerment in providing home based care.
NB: Courses marked AB are expected to be taken during the two semesters of the year in which they are offered.  However, courses against which A/B are labelled will only run for one semester.  Availability of lecturers in such courses will determine which semester A or B; such courses will be offered during the session in which they are to be taken by the students.